Tellings of Sita’s Story: References and Further Reading

Adbhuta Ramayana  [for Coburn translations see Coburn, 1995]

Adbhuta Ramayana of Srimad-Valmiki: Sanskrit text with translation, English commentary along with explanatory notes, relevant appendices etc, compiled and translated by Ajai Kumar Chhawchharia (2010), Varanasi: Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan.  [Translations are very free indeed]

Anand, Mulk Raj and Eleanor Zelliot (eds) ( 1992) An Anthology of Dalit Literature (Poems), New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House.

Brockington, John (1984) Righteous Rama: the evolution of an epic, Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Brockington, John and Mary Brockington (2006) Rāma the Steadfast: an early form of the Rāmāyaṇa, London: Penguin.

Bose, Mandakranta (ed) (2004)  The Ramayana Revisited, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Coburn, Thomas B. (1995) ‘Sita fights while Rama swoons: a Shakta version of the Ramayan’, Manushi 90: 5-16.

de Bruijn, Thomas (2012)  The Ruby in the Dust: poetry and history in Padmavat by the South Asian Sufi poet Muhammad Jayasi, Leiden: Leiden University Press.

Gombrich, Richard (1985)  ‘The Vessantara Jataka, the Ramayana and the Dasaratha Jataka’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 105.3: 427-37. Stable url:

Ji Xianlin (2012) ‘The Ramayana in China’, China Report 48: 187.  Available at

Lutgendorf, Philip (1991) The Life of a Text:  performing the Rāmcaritmānas of Tulsidas, Berkeley: University of California Press.

McDermott, Rachel Fell (2000)  ‘Raising snakes in Bengal: the use of Tantric imagery in Sakta poetry contests’, in David Gordon White (ed) Tantra in Practice, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

McLean, Malcolm (1998)  Devoted to the Goddess: the life and work of Ramprasad, Albany: State University of New York Press.

Poitevin, G. and H. Rairkar (1993) Indian Peasant Women Speak Up, ET, Delhi: Orient Longman.   

Ramakien, Thai telling composed in the reign of King Rama I (1782-1809) as a dance drama.  Full text available via:

Ramanujan, A.K. (1991) ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas: five examples and three thoughts on translation’, in Paula Richman (ed)  Many Ramayanas: the diversity of a narrative tradition in South Asia, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Richman, Paula (ed) (1991) Many Ramayanas: the diversity of a narrative tradition in South Asia, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Richman, Paula (ed) (2001)  Questioning Ramayanas: a South Asian tradition, Berkeley: University of California   Press.

Shulman, David (1991)  ‘Fire and flood: the testing of Sita in Kampan’s Iramavataram’, in Paula Richman (ed)  Many Ramayanas: the diversity of a narrative tradition in South Asia, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Smith, William (2004) ‘Ramayana textual traditions in eastern India’, in Mandakranta Bose (ed), The Ramayana Revisited, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sundarakanda of Valmiki’s Ramayana.  See Valmiki below.

Suthren Hirst, J. (1997) Sita’s Story, Norwich: RMEP.

Suthren Hirst, J. and J. Zavos (2011) Religious Traditions in Modern South Asia, London: Routledge, esp chs. 4 and 11.

The Adhyatma Ramayana, tr. Lala Baij Nath (2005), New Delhi: Cosmo Publications.

The Magic Doe: Qutban Suhravardi’s Mirigavati, tr. Aditya Behl (2012), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tulsidas, Ramcharitmanas (n.d.), Gorakhpur: Gita Press.  Available at:

Valmiki Ramayana:

___ For a translation of what the Brockingtons consider the core hero tale, see Brockington and Brockington (2006) above.

___ There is a complete online English translation available at, tr. Ralph Griffith, 1870-1874, but it is very old and not based on the critical edition.

___  There is an abridged version, The Ramayana, abridged by C. Rajagopalachari (ed. by Jay Mazo, American Gita Society) available at

____The first five books are available in good and reasonably priced translations from the Clay Sanskrit Library (see for details of translators)

___ There is a complete and excellent translation of six books by Robert P. Goldman et al, published by Princeton University Press, but these are currently very difficult and expensive to purchase.  For details, see > Keywords search: Ramayana.  In particular:

Robert P. Goldman and Sally Sutherland Goldman trs. (1996)  The Ramayana of Valmiki: Volume V: Sundarakanda, Princeton: PrincetonUniversity Press.

Useful starter websites:

Philip’s fil-ums – comment with illustrations on ‘Hey Ram’, film by Kamal Hasaan, by Philip Lutgendorf:


Ramayana tellings:

Ramanand Sagar (director) (1987-88) Ramayan, 78 episodes aired on Doordarshan (Indian TV network).  Available at